managing dotfiles? and more? cute!
At its heart, freckles is configuration management for your local machine(s). If you are familiar with ansible, puppet, or chef you know what configuration management is, and why it’s a good idea. If not: in short, configuration management gives you a way to describe the configuration of a machine and the services and applications it runs in some way and format (e.g. in code, json, yml, ...) and apply this recorded configuration onto a vanilla (virtual or not) machine.
Depending on the configuration management framework you choose, the learning curve for them is quite steep, and require quite a bit of initial investment in terms of time to learn how they work, and to prepare the configuration that works for your infrastructure. Even the (arguably) easiest to pickup system, ansible, needs you to prepare and edit several files and folders, even for simple use-cases. This makes sense, since all of those solutions are quite powerful, and have to be able to deal with quite a lot of complexity.
freckles‘ goal is to simplify this configuration for use-cases that are less involved, like setting up your local workstation and development VMs with the tools of your choice, and the configuration needed to get started quickly. Without having to do a lot of manual bootstrapping, setup and preparation. Ideally, issuing one command, involving a pre-created configuration should be enough.
freckles is implemented as a layer on top off ansible. Instead of describing your infrastructure, as you do in ansible, in freckles you describe your working environment (in general, or for a specific project). This is only a subtle difference, and I’m still not sure whether its worth developing a project like freckles. The idea got me curious enough to try and find out though :-).
freckles is written in Python, and GPL v3 licensed.
- one-line setup of a new environment, including freckles bootstrap
- minimal and (hopefully) intuitive config file format, using
- supports Linux & MacOS X (and probably the Ubuntu subsystem on Windows 10)
- share the same configuration for your Linux and MacOS workstation as well as Vagrant machines, containers, etc.
- support for systems where you don’t have root/sudo access via the nix package manager or conda (or if you just think it’s a good idea to use any of them)
- direct support for all ansible modules and roles
curl -sL https://get.frkl.io | bash -s -- --help
This bootstraps freckles, runs it, and displays help information. All files that are installed live under the
$HOME/.freckles folder, which can be deleted without affecting anything else. This also adds a line to your
$HOME/.profile file to add freckles to your path.
Warning: run this only after you read what it does, as it installs some packages onto your computer you might not want. Should not do any real harm though.
For its most basic use-case – which is installing and configuring packages – freckles needs:
- one or more configuration file(s)
- curl (or wget) -> for bootstrapping (well, technically it also needs bash)
- optionally, a dotfile repository -> if some of the applications you want freckles to install have configuration files
At the moment (and that might change in the future), the easiest way to install freckles is to bootstrap it (more details: Bootstrap) using curl and bash. The bootstrap process can optionally also execute the first freckles run, which makes it possible to setup a machine with one line in your shell. Like:
curl -sL https://get.frkl.io | bash -s -- apply gh:makkus/freckles/examples/quickstart.yml
The config file I’ve choosen as an example is a bit more complicated than it’d need to be, but I wanted to show off how freckles can use the same config file for different platforms. If you only work on one platform, the same config would look quite a bit tidier. Check out the same example for (only) Debian/Ubuntu: quickstart-debian.yml.
Either, way, the above command applies the following (fairly) simple configuration to your machine:
vars: dotfiles: - base_dir: ~/dotfiles-quickstart remote: https://github.com/makkus/freckles-quickstart.git tasks: - checkout-dotfiles - install: use_dotfiles: true packages: - epel-release: pkgs: yum: - epel-release - htop - fortune: pkgs: apt: - fortunes - fortunes-off - fortunes-mario yum: - fortune-mod homebrew: - fortune - stow - create-folder: ~/.backups/zile
What this does:
- checks out the repository of dotfile(s) at https://github.com/makkus/freckles-quickstart.git
- on Mac OS X, installs homebrew if it is not installed already (this does not need to be specified, freckles figures that out on its own)
- installs the
epel-releaserepo if on a RPM-based platform
- installs all the applications/packages that are configured in the repo we checked out earlier (only the emacs-like editor
zilein this case) – this is done by setting the
use_dotfilesvariable of the
installtask to true
- also installs a few other packages that don’t require configuration which is the reason they are not included in the dotfiles repo (
htopand, depending on which platform this is run on one or some more packages for the fortune tool)
- stows all the dotfiles in the above repository into the users home directory (again, only for zile in this case)
- creates a folder
$HOME/.backups/zileif it doesn’t exist already (needed because it is configured in the
.zileconfig-file – contained in the repo we checked out and ‘stowed’ (means symbolic-linked) to the user home directory – to be used as backup directory. zile does not create that dir itself and errors out if it doesn’t exist)
To read how all that works in more detail, please read the full documentation at: Usage
You don’t like executing random scripts on the internet? Yeah, me neither. Read here: Trust
I re-installed a new (or recently bricked) laptop or VM or container this one time too often, and I was annoyed that there is no real easy and quick way to re-create my working environment in those fresh environments, without having to write shell-scripts that sooner or later turn out unmaintainable and are fairly unflexible to begin with. Now, of course, that’s what configuration management tools are for, and I do quite like ansible and have a bit of experience with it. What I don’t like is how one usually needs a set of configuration files to describe a setup, even for simple use-cases like setting up a single, local machine. And I didn’t want to install ansible itself manually every time before I can run my playbooks and roles. Basically, I wanted a thing that allows me to run one line of code, pointing to one configuration file, and after a while I have the same setup as I have on my other machines.
This is what freckles now is, sorta. As a result of my tendency to over-engineer everything in my way along with me having a bit of time on my hands – it now can do a few other things which I didn’t consider before I started working on it, and which may or may not be useful to somebody else. Either way. If you want a simple and lightweight script to manage your machine, you better run, fast. But if you don’t mind a bit of what angry oldish IT folk and/or minimalism-hipsters would probably call ‘bloat’, and you think that a bit of harddrive-space is a good trade-off for saving a few minutes/hours every once in a while, give this here a go and tell me what you think.
Currently tested and supported¶
Planned / Partially supported¶
- MacOS X (should mostly work)
- Windows 10 (Ubuntu on Windows)
Freckles is free software under the GNU General Public License v3.